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If you were hurt and I needed to find out what was wrong, I can ask you. Whereas with an animal, I can't ask Deco whether she's in pain, I need to look at signs. Now, within normal first aid, we look at signs and symptoms. Signs are something that you see, and a symptom is something a patient tells you. So, in this instance, obviously, Deco can't directly tell me, so we are looking at signs.

What you need to do is find out the methods of injury, so if she has been hurt or something that has actually physically happened, then look at what caused the accident, that might give you a good indication to what is wrong. And if it's an illness, then you need to look at all the other signs.

So, as far as the pain, the ways they will show you they are in pain will be is if you touch them, you might find that they growl, or they snap at you, which is well out of character. And Deco is very, very good. If anything was wrong with her, she is extremely good. However, you can then also look at their face. With her, she literally just shows it in her face, she just stares you. You know there is something actually wrong with her. So, some dogs might be quite aggressive, some might have other ways of showing you.

Other things you can look at, they might become very restless. They might be panting a lot more. They might not come near you. They might not want to be touched. All these things are out of their character, they are no longer what is normal for your pet. Respiration rates, heart rates can increase, they might become very lethargic, but when you try and go near them, they move out your way. These are sort of lots of indicators that could show that your animal is in pain.

Now, if you are not sure where they hurt, you can do a quick head-to-toe check on them by touching them. Be very, very careful that you do not get bitten because if there is maybe a problem with her stomach, you push down, and it is very, very painful for her, you might get bitten. So, this is where using two people to do an examination is far better than one, because one can control the head, or in some circumstances, it may be best to pop a muzzle on while doing a check.

If you find something wrong, you need to decide whether it is something that you need to get to the vet straight away, or whether you are just going to see what happens. In the case of an accident and you find something wrong, definitely, you need to get them to the vet to get them checked out.

Illnesses into pain, again, it is usually best to get a vet to check out because they will be able to find out what is actually wrong with them.